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2024 New Year's Address | Roaring into the New Year, Embarking on a Global Asset Allocation Adventure

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2024-02-08 00:00uSMART

U.S. Stock Options Strategy two : Bear Put Spread Strategy in a Bear Market

Bear Put Spread Strategy, commonly known as "Bear Put Spread", is an options strategy used when anticipating a decrease in the price of an asset. This strategy involves simultaneously buying and selling put options with different strike prices.
Strategy Principles:
Buy a put option with a higher strike price (long position): Investors purchase a put option with a higher strike price, paying a premium, with the expectation that the asset price will decrease.
Sell a put option with a lower strike price (short position): Simultaneously, investors sell a put option with a lower strike price, receiving a premium to lower the overall cost.
Profit and Loss Characteristics:
Maximum Profit: Achieved when the asset price at expiration is below the lower strike price, the profit is the difference between the two strike prices minus the net premium paid.
Maximum Loss: Occurs when the asset price at expiration is above the higher strike price, resulting in a loss equal to the net premium paid.
Breakeven Point: The higher strike price minus the net premium paid.
Example:
Suppose an investor believes that Stock Y will decline, with the current price at $100. The investor executes the following actions:
Buys a put option with a strike price of $100, paying a premium of $6.
Sells a put option with a strike price of $90, receiving a premium of $2.
Thus, the net premium paid is $4 ($6 - $2).
If Stock Y declines to $85 at expiration, the bought put option is worth $15, and the sold put option loses $5, resulting in a total profit of $10 ($15 - $5), with a net profit of $6 ($10 - $4).
If Stock Y rises to $105 at expiration, both options expire worthless, resulting in a loss equal to the net premium paid, which is $4.
Drawing the Profit and Loss Graph:
To visually represent the profit and loss of the Bear Put Spread Strategy, we create a profit and loss graph. In this graph, the horizontal axis represents the asset's expiration price, while the vertical axis represents the strategy's profit and loss. The graph will display the profit and loss variations at different stock price levels.
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2024-01-10 17:58uSMART

U.S. Stock Options Strategy three : Bull Call Spread Strategy in a Bull Market

The Bull Call Spread strategy, commonly known as "Bull Call Spread," is an options trading strategy suitable for investors with a moderately optimistic outlook on the mid-term upward movement of a particular asset. This strategy involves simultaneously buying and selling two call options with the same expiration date but different strike prices.
Strategy Principles:
Buy a call option with a lower strike price (long position):Investors purchase a call option with a lower strike price by paying a premium, anticipating an increase in the asset's price.
Sell a call option with a higher strike price (short position):Simultaneously, investors sell a call option with a higher strike price, offsetting some of the costs by collecting a premium.
Profit and Loss Characteristics:
Maximum Profit:Achieved when the asset's price at expiration is higher than the higher strike price. Profit is fixed and equals the difference between the two strike prices minus the net premium paid.
Maximum Loss:Incurred when the asset's price at expiration is lower than the lower strike price. Loss is fixed and equals the net premium paid.
Breakeven Point:The lower strike price plus the net premium paid.
Real-life Example:
Suppose an investor is optimistic about Stock X, which is currently priced at $100. The investor takes the following actions:
Buys a call option with a $100 strike price, with a premium of $5.
Sells a call option with a $110 strike price, collecting a premium of $2.
Thus, the net premium paid is $3 ($5 - $2).If Stock X rises to $115 at expiration:The purchased call option is valued at $15, and the sold call option incurs a loss of $5. The total profit is $10 ($15 - $5), with a net gain of $7 ($10 - $3).
If Stock X falls to $95 at expiration:Both options expire worthless, resulting in a loss equal to the net premium paid, i.e., $3.
Profit and Loss Chart:
To better understand the Bull Call Spread strategy, we can use a profit and loss chart to illustrate its performance at different stock price levels. Here is an example based on the above scenario:
The horizontal axis represents the stock's expiration price.
The vertical axis represents the strategy's profit and loss.
The maximum loss for the strategy occurs when the stock price is below $100, amounting to the net premium paid, i.e., $3.
The breakeven point for the strategy is at a stock price of $103 (lower strike price $100 + net premium paid $3).
The maximum profit for the strategy occurs when the stock price is above $110. The profit is fixed at the difference between the two strike prices ($110 - $100) minus the net premium paid $3, totaling $7.
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2024-01-10 17:55uSMART

U.S. Stock Options Strategy four : Bull Put Spread Strategy in a Bull Market

The bear put spread strategy, commonly known as "Bull Put Spread," is a strategy suitable for investors anticipating a neutral or slightly bullish market. It involves simultaneously selling out-of-the-money put options with a higher strike price (short position) and buying in-the-money put options with a lower strike price (long position).
Strategy Principles:
Sell out-of-the-money put options with a higher strike price (short position):Investors sell put options with a higher strike price, collecting the premium, and anticipating that the asset's price will not fall to that strike price.
Buy in-the-money put options with a lower strike price (long position):Simultaneously, to limit potential downside risk, investors buy put options with a lower strike price, paying a premium.
Profit and Loss Characteristics:
Maximum Profit:Achieved when the asset's price at expiration is above the higher strike price, with profits equal to the premium received.
Maximum Loss:Incurred when the asset's price at expiration is below the lower strike price, with losses equal to the difference between the two strike prices minus the net premium received.
Breakeven Point:The higher strike price minus the net premium received.
Real-world Example:
Assume the current stock price of Z is $100, and the investor has a neutral outlook for the short term. The investor performs the following actions:
Sells an out-of-the-money put option with a $100 strike price, receiving a premium of $4.
Buys an in-the-money put option with a $90 strike price, paying a premium of $1.
Therefore, the net premium received is $3 ($4 - $1).If the stock price of Z is above $100 at expiration, both options expire worthless, resulting in a profit of the net premium received, i.e., $3.
If the stock price of Z falls to $85 at expiration, the sold put option incurs a loss of $15, while the bought put option gains $5. The total loss is $10, resulting in a net loss of $7 ($10 - $3).
Profit and Loss Chart:
To visually represent the profit and loss situation of the bull put spread strategy, we will create a chart. The horizontal axis represents the stock's expiration price, and the vertical axis represents the strategy's profit and loss. The chart will illustrate the variations in profit and loss at different stock price levels.
Next, I will create this profit and loss chart.
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2024-01-10 17:50uSMART

U.S. Stock Options Strategy five : Buying Call Options Strategy - Profit and Loss Analysis

This chart illustrates the profit and loss dynamics of the Buying Call Options strategy. Observations from the chart include:
When the stock price is below or equal to $100 (depicted by the blue dashed line), the strategy incurs a fixed loss, limited to the premium paid, i.e., $5 (indicated by the green dashed line).
As the stock price rises above $100, the strategy starts gaining, and the profits increase with the upward movement of the stock price. In theory, the maximum gain is unlimited, depending on the extent of the rise in asset prices.
The breakeven point is at a stock price of $105 (calculated as the strike price of $100 plus the premium paid of $5).
Through this chart, investors can gain a clearer understanding of the profit and loss scenario of the Buying Call Options strategy at different stock price levels, enabling them to make more informed trading decisions. This strategy is suitable for those anticipating that the stock price will experience a significant increase, and the potential loss is limited to the premium paid.
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2024-01-10 17:42uSMART

U.S. StocOptions Strategy six: Selling Call Options Strategy

This article discusses the Selling Call Options strategy, an options trading approach suitable for investors expecting a stable or slightly declining asset price. The content covers the fundamental concepts, operational methods, a practical example, and concludes with an analysis of the corresponding profit and loss chart.
Overview of Selling Call Options Strategy
The Selling Call Options strategy involves selling (or writing) a call option to collect the premium. In this strategy, the buyer gains the right to purchase the asset at a specified price within a specific timeframe, while the seller (writer) assumes the obligation to sell the asset at the agreed-upon price when the buyer exercises the option.
Principle of the Strategy
Selling Call Options:The investor sells a call option, receiving the premium.
Expectation of Price Stability:If the asset price does not rise to the strike price before the option expiration date, the option becomes invalid, and the investor retains the premium.
Profit and Loss Characteristics
Maximum Gain:Limited to the collected premium.
Maximum Loss:Theoretically unlimited if the asset price experiences a significant increase.
Breakeven Point:The strike price plus the collected premium.
Practical Example
Assuming the current price of Stock D is $100, and the investor anticipates price stability or a slight decline:
The investor sells a call option with a strike price of $100, collecting a premium of $4.
The option has a three-month expiration period.
If Stock D remains below $100 at the expiration date, the option becomes invalid, and the investor retains the premium, i.e., $4.
If Stock D rises to $110 at the expiration date, the investor is obligated to sell the stock at $100. The actual loss is the difference between the market price and the strike price, minus the premium, i.e., $6 ($10 - $4).
Drawing the Profit and Loss Chart
To visually represent the profit and loss dynamics of the Writing Call Options strategy, we will create a chart illustrating changes at different stock price levels. Next, I will proceed to draw this chart.
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2024-01-10 17:32uSMART

U.S. Stock Options Strategy seven: Buying Put Options Strategy

Overview of Buying Put Options Strategy
The Buying Put Options strategy involves purchasing put options with the expectation of a decline in the asset's price. Buying put options grants investors the right, but not the obligation, to sell a particular asset at a specified price within a designated period.
Strategy Principles
Buying Put Options:Investors pay a premium to acquire put options with a specific strike price.
Expectation of Price Decline:If the asset's price falls below the strike price before the option's expiration, investors can sell the asset at a higher strike price, realizing a profit.
Profit and Loss Characteristics
Maximum Profit:Theoretically capped at the difference between the strike price and the premium paid, occurring when the asset's price falls to zero.
Maximum Loss:Limited to the premium paid for the put options.
Breakeven Point:Strike price minus the premium paid.
Practical Example
Assuming stock E's current price is $100, and the investor expects a price decline:
Purchase a put option with a $100 strike price, with a $5 premium.
Option expiration in three months.
If stock E falls to $80 by the expiration date,the investor can sell the stock at $100, realizing a profit of $15 ($20 - $5).
If stock E rises to $105 by the expiration date, the option becomes worthless, resulting in a loss limited to the $5 premium.
Drawing the Profit and Loss Chart
To visually represent the profit and loss situation of the Buying Put Options strategy, we will create a chart depicting the changes in profit and loss at different stock price levels.
Next, I will draw this profit and loss chart.
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2024-01-10 16:45uSMART

U.S. Stock Options Strategy eight: Selling Put Options Strategy

The Selling Put Options strategy is an options trading strategy suitable for investors anticipating that the price of a particular asset will remain stable or experience a slight increase. This article will introduce the basic concepts and operational methods of the Selling Put Options strategy, demonstrate its application through a real case, and finally provide corresponding profit and loss chart analysis.
Overview of the Selling Put Options Strategy:
The Selling Put Options strategy involves selling (or writing) a put option to collect the premium. This strategy grants the buyer the right to sell the asset at a specific price within a specific time frame, while the seller has the obligation to buy the asset at the agreed-upon price when the buyer exercises the option.
Principle of the Strategy:
1. Sell Put Options: The investor sells put options and collects the premium.
2. Expectation of No Price Drop: If the asset price does not drop to the strike price before the option expiration date, the option becomes invalid, and the investor retains the premium.
Profit and Loss Characteristics:
Maximum Profit: Limited to the premium collected.
Maximum Loss: If the asset price drops significantly, the loss can be as much as the difference between the strike price and the premium collected.
Breakeven Point: The strike price minus the premium collected.
Real Case:
Suppose the current price of Stock F is $100, and the investor anticipates that the price will remain stable or experience a slight increase.
1. Sell put options with a strike price of $100, collecting a premium of $4.
2. The option expiration date is three months later. If Stock F remains above $100 on the expiration date, the option becomes invalid, and the investor retains the premium, i.e., $4.
(a) If Stock F drops to $90 on the expiration date, the investor needs to purchase the stock at $100. The actual loss is the difference between the purchase price and the market price minus the premium, i.e., $6 ($10 - $4).
Drawing the Profit and Loss Chart:
To visually represent the profit and loss situation of the Selling Put Options strategy, we will create a profit and loss chart. The chart will illustrate the changes in profit and loss at different stock price levels.
Next, I will draw this profit and loss chart.
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2024-01-10 16:40uSMART

U.S. Stock Options Strategy nine: Covered Call Strategy

The Covered Call Strategy is an options trading strategy that combines holding stocks with selling call options. It is suitable for investors expecting the stock price of the held stocks to remain stable or slightly increase. This article will introduce the basic concepts and operation of the Covered Call Strategy, demonstrate its application through a practical case, and finally provide a corresponding profit and loss graph analysis.
Overview of the Covered Call Strategy
The Covered Call Strategy involves holding a certain quantity of stocks and selling an equal quantity of call options. The purpose of this strategy is to collect additional premiums by selling call options while maintaining a stock position.
Principle of the Strategy
Hold Stocks:Investors own shares of a particular stock.
Sell Call Options:Investors sell an equal number of call options to the number of stocks held, collecting premium.
Profit and Loss Characteristics
Maximum Profit:Limited to the appreciation of the stock price to the execution price plus the premium collected from selling the call options.
Maximum Loss:Theoretical maximum is if the stock price drops to zero, but can be reduced by the premium collected.
Breakeven Point:Stock purchase price minus the premium collected.
Practical Case
Assuming an investor holds stock G with a price of $100 per share and expects the price to remain stable or slightly increase:
Investor holds 100 shares of stock G.
Sells 100 call options with a strike price of $105, collecting a premium of $2 per share.
If stock G rises to $110at the expiration date, the options will be exercised, and the investor sells the stock at $105, retaining the premium. Total profit is $7 per share ($5 appreciation + $2 premium).
If stock G falls to $90at the expiration date, the options expire worthless, and the investor retains the premium. However, the value of the stock decreases, resulting in a net loss of $8 per share ($10 decline - $2 premium).
Drawing the Profit and Loss Graph
To visually represent the profit and loss situation of the Covered Call Strategy, we will create a profit and loss graph. The chart will illustrate the changes in profit and loss at different stock price levels.
Next, I will draw this profit and loss graph.
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2024-01-10 16:28uSMART